New opportunities in the NPL market: EU Directive 2167/2021 revolutionizes the management of impaired loans

New opportunities in the NPL market: EU Directive 2167/2021 revolutionizes the management of impaired loans

A push toward efficient and accessible secondary markets for private investors

The European Union recently passed EU Directive 2167/2021, known as the NPL Secondary Market Directive, with the aim of facilitating the disposal of Non-Performing Loans (NPLs) from banks’ balance sheets. This directive, which went into effect on June 10, 2024, introduces stricter regulations for banks while encouraging the development and integration of secondary markets. It grants greater management power over non-performing positions to authorized financial intermediaries (according to Art. 106 T.U.B.) and companies under Art. 115 T.U.L.P.S., under the control and supervision of the Bank of Italy.

The directive requires member countries to remove access barriers that currently hinder the establishment of secondary markets that are efficient, transparent and open to a wider range of investors, including non-institutional investors. This change will, for example, open up the mortgage NPL market to real estate developers, who will be able to intervene directly as private investors due to the professionalism of the managers.

Credit management companies (the “managers”) will be subject to a licensing regime with stringent requirements for professionalism, competence and honorability. This will favor facilities already in the market that have the appropriate licenses and a track record that can be verified through transactions published in the Official Gazette.

The opening of the NPL market to private investors, as established by EU Directive 2167/2021, represents a significant financial opportunity. It will support the expansion of market access, providing new opportunities for those interested in investment by anticipating auctions and processing credits with authorized credit management companies such as ours.


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Legislative Decree of Transposition of the NPL Secondary Market Directive Approved by the Council of Ministers

Legislative Decree of Transposition of the NPL Secondary Market Directive Approved by the Council of Ministers

Directive liberalizes assignment of impaired loans and introduces new supervisory requirements for credit managers

The Council of Ministers approved, at the proposal of the Minister for European Affairs, the South, Cohesion Policies and the PNRR, Raffaele Fitto, and the Minister of Economy and Finance, Giancarlo Giorgetti, the legislative decree transposing the NPL Secondary Market Directive. This important step comes just days before the final date of June 29, when EU Directive 2167/2021 will come into force without further delay.

The directive, which amends previous Directives 2008/48/EC and 2014/17/EU, aims to standardize the rules on the assignment of impaired loans, encouraging the development of secondary markets and strengthening protections for assigned debtors.

According to the statement from Palazzo Chigi, the directive introduces several significant new features:

  1. Liberalization of Assignment of Impaired Loans: Financial institutions will be able to assign impaired loans to so-called “credit purchasers,” which can be individuals or legal entities professionally operating in this field.
  2. Increased Prot ections for Assigned Debtors: More controls are instituted in the credit market and new protections are introduced for assigned debtors. This includes a minimum licensing and supervisory regime for “credit managers” (credit servicers).
  3. Regulation of Relationships between Buyers and Credit Managers: The directive regulates the relationship between credit buyers, credit managers and, where applicable, credit management service providers, while also introducing disclosure requirements, rules of conduct and a new supervisory register for credit managers, along with a complaints system for debtors.

The directive was to be transposed by December 29, 2023. However, a transitional rule has been provided that allows entities already operating as of December 30, 2023, to continue their activities until June 29, 2024, or until the necessary permit is obtained.

A commentary on the EU Directive 2167/2021, passed on June 10, 2024, better known as the NPL Secondary Market Directive, highlights how the European legislature focused on removing NPLs from bank balance sheets. The directive imposes stricter rules for banks and incentivizes the development and integration of secondary markets. This gives more management power to authorized financial intermediaries (106 T.U.B.) and 115 T.U.L.P.S. companies, with an authorization and supervisory regime managed by the Bank of Italy.

Member states are required to remove barriers to entry to create efficient and transparent secondary markets that are also open to non-institutional investors. This will allow, for example, real estate developers to be involved in the mortgage NPL market, enabling them to intervene as private investors with the professional support of Credit Managers.

The directive imposes specific requirements of professionalism, competence and good repute on credit management companies, favoring structures already in the market, with the necessary licenses and a verifiable track record. The opening of the NPL market to private investors represents a significant financial opportunity, expanding access possibilities and allowing interested parties to get ahead of the auctions by dealing with licensed credit management companies.

This will be discussed further on June 19 at BeBeez’s Café, in view of the upcoming entry into force of the directive.

Do you want to continue to take advantage of superbonus tax drawer transfers notwithstanding the “credit spreader” rule?

Do you want to continue to take advantage of superbonus tax drawer transfers notwithstanding the “credit spreader” rule?

With the current regulatory environment, Italian banks will move away from tax drawer purchases.

We have been reasoning for some time about applicable solutions to current laws considering all the changes that have occurred. Once the credit was generated and made visible in the tax drawer, it was necessary to build a revolving mechanism to also allow those purchasing tax credits to use them to offset debit F24s.

This would have made it possible to dispose of the stock of loans and regain purchasing capacity for substandard ones. The ideal solution would have been securitization of tax drawers, but the costs of the operation structure were excessive and to the detriment of the originators.

We have created a mechanism that leads to fractionability of drawers not only by annuities, but also by monthly, weekly and daily with tax drawers of immediate compensability. The solution has become ideal for transferee companies that want to save on tax payments by purchasing tax credits at favorable rates and without risk, and at the same time it is perfect for transferring companies with liquidity needs.

We can boast daily divestment transactions supported by notarized escrow accounts, with ad hoc regulations for individual assignors and assignees, and the constant support of a network of Professionals throughout Italy.

What exactly is Euribor and how does it affect financial markets?

What exactly is Euribor and how does it affect financial markets?

We explore Euribor’s key role in the global economy and how it affects lending, savings and financial decisions.”

Euribor, which stands for Euro Interbank Offered Rate, is a benchmark interest rate used in the euro interbank market. But what exactly is its purpose and how does it work? In this article, we will explore everything you need to know about Euribor, from its definition and determination to its impacts on mortgage lending, business lending, and investment decisions.

Definition and operation of Euribor

Euribor is the average interest rate at which a selection of banks lend money to each other within the euro interbank market. This rate is calculated by taking into account interest rates offered by a basket of high-profile European banks. Euribor maturities range from one week to one year, providing an overview of short-term interest rates in the euro area.

Euribor’s key role in the economy

Euribor performs several crucial functions in the global economy:

  • Loan rates and save : Euribor directly affects rates i of interest on mortgage loans, business loans, and savings products such as deposit accounts. Changes in Euribor can translate changes into in interest payments for borrowers and returns for yields.
  • Benchmark for financial products: Many financial institutions use Euribor as a benchmark to determine interest rates on a wide range of financial products, including swap contracts and structured loans.
  • Economic indicators: Changes in the Euribor can reflect economic and financial conditions in the euro area. An increase in Euribor could indicate increased confidence in the economy, while a decrease could suggest concerns about financial stability.

Euribor Determination

Euribor is determined daily through a standardized process involving a basket of banks that provide their rates. These rates are then sorted and calculated to obtain the weighted average rate. The transparency and trustworthiness of this process are critical to maintaining trust in the interbank market.

Impacts on the end user

For the average consumer, changes in Euribor can affect the cost of loans and financing, as well as returns on savings. For example, an increase in Euribor could lead to higher interest rates on mortgages, while a decrease could lead to lower rates. This makes it important to follow Euribor closely in order to plan personal finances effectively.


In short, Euribor plays a key role in the global financial system, influencing a wide range of interest rates and financial products. Its daily determination and impacts on the economy make it crucial to understand how it works and how it can influence personal and business financial decisions.

How Important Is It to Make Ethical and Socially Responsible Investments?

How Important Is It to Make Ethical and Socially Responsible Investments?

Investing for the Future of the Planet and Generations to Come

Financial sustainability has become a central theme in the investment world as more and more people look for ways to make their capital work responsibly. At a time when environmental and social concerns are increasingly evident, attention is shifting to ethical and socially responsible investments as a means of supporting businesses that pursue broader goals than just profit. In this article, we will explore the meaning of ethical investing, the importance of financial sustainability, and how investors can contribute to a better future through informed choices.

Ethical Investments: Definition and Implications

Ethical investing is based on principles that go beyond mere financial gain. This approach considers the social and environmental context in which companies operate, aiming to promote responsible and sustainable behavior. Common categories of ethical investments include companies that promote renewable energy, respect for human rights and working conditions, and ethical business practices.

Financial Sustainability: Beyond Mere Profit

Financial sustainability goes beyond merely seeking short-term returns. It is about creating a balance between profit and social impact, with the goal of preserving resources for future generations. Sustainable companies are better able to adapt to changes in the economic and environmental landscape while reducing their negative impact on society.

The Importance of Socially Responsible Investment

Investing in socially responsible companies not only contributes to overall well-being, but can also be financially beneficial. Numerous research indicates that companies with sustainable practices tend to be more resilient in the long run, attract high-quality talent, and are less exposed to legal and reputational risks. This shows that ethics and profit can coexist, paving the way for a new way of thinking about investment.

How to Start Investing Ethically

For those who wish to embark on an ethical investment path, there are several options. Ethical mutual funds, green bonds and stocks of sustainable companies are just some of the options available. Online investment platforms often offer specific filters for ethical investors, making it easier to find opportunities compatible with one’s values.

The Future of Investment: A Sustainable Perspective

The growing interest in ethical investing reflects a significant cultural shift, with investors recognizing the potential to create long-term value through responsible choices. The future of investing could see a steady increase in sustainable practices and greater investor involvement in promoting positive change.

Conclusions: Investing for a Sustainable Future

In conclusion, the link between financial sustainability and ethical investment is increasingly evident. Making conscious choices today can help build a better future for the planet and the next generations. Investors have the power to shape the economic landscape through decisions that reflect the values of responsibility and sustainability. Ethical investing is not only a moral choice, but also a step toward a safer and more prosperous financial and environmental future.

Complete Guide to Mini Bonds: Definition, Creation and Benefits in the World of Finance

Complete Guide to Mini Bonds: Definition, Creation and Benefits in the World of Finance

Explore the world of Mini Bonds: a detailed look at how companies create them to obtain financing and how investors of all sizes can benefit from this innovative and accessible form of investment in the financial landscape

In the complex world of finance, mini bonds stand out as an increasingly popular tool for businesses seeking alternative financing. These financial instruments offer a flexible and affordable option for companies seeking capital without having to resort to traditional banking avenues. In this article, we will explore in detail what mini bonds are and how they are created.

Definition of Mini Bonds: Mini bonds are bonds issued by companies that are smaller in size than large publicly traded corporations. These are medium- to long-term debt instruments that allow companies to raise funds by issuing bonds with relatively low denominations, thus making the investment more affordable even for small investors.

Main Features of Mini Bonds:

  1. The Low Cut: Mini bonds are for their relatively low cut, accessible even small to investors. Accommission to enterprises to diversify the investor base and a wider range of broad supporters.
  2. ** The D The duration of mini bonds can vary, but is generally between 3 and 7 years. This period offers companies medium- to long-term financing, allowing them to plan and implement strategies without the pressure of paying back capital in the short term.
  3. The yield reminder: Investors who buy mini bonds receive regular interest during the holding period and repayment of principal at maturity. The yield is often more attractive than other low-risk financial instruments, such as government bonds.

Creation of Mini Bonds:

  1. Solvency Assessment: Before issuing mini bonds, companies must undergo a thorough solvency assessment. This process helps determine the company’s ability to i financial related to mini bonds.
  2. Mini Bond structure: Enterprises must define the structure of the mini bonds, including the interest rate, frequency of interest payments and maturity date. This stage requires careful planning to ensure that financial obligations are sustainable in the long run.
  3. Rating Agency Rating: To increase the attractiveness of mini bonds in the eyes of investors, many enterprises seek a rating from a rating agency. A higher rating can help improve investor confidence in the issuer’s solvency.

Conclusions: Mini bonds represent a flexible and affordable financial option for companies seeking capital. Their ability to engage a broad spectrum of investors and offer competitive returns makes them an increasingly relevant tool in the corporate finance landscape. However, it is critical that companies fully understand the commitments associated with mini bonds and adopt a careful issuance strategy to ensure the success of this alternative form of financing.